Dental fillings are an effective solution to restore your damaged teeth to their normal shape and function. There are different types of fillings available, and the choice of material usually depends on the extent of the damage. Tooth sensitivity, pressure, pain, and difficulty flossing in a certain spot may be signs that you need a filling. However, some decay and problems may not show any symptoms or pain at all. Therefore, it is important to visit a dentist regularly for routine check-ups, as prevention is key. Early detection of dental issues can mean a simpler, less invasive, and cost-effective treatment.

When you have a decayed tooth, your dentist will numb the area using a local anesthetic injected into your gum and around the tooth. Afterward, they will check to make sure the area is numb and use a dental drill to remove the decay. Once the tooth is prepared, they will fill it with the appropriate filling material depending on the extent of the damage. There are several types of material available, including composite, ceramic, and gold fillings.  You can learn more about each type of filling below.

Composite white fillings are a popular choice because of their natural appearance and durability. These fillings can last up to five years and blend seamlessly with the colour of your teeth, making them an excellent option for replacing stained, chipped, or leaking fillings.

– Natural-looking white appearance
– Can strengthen weak teeth
– Require less drilling
– Placement takes longer
– May cause increased sensitivity
– More expensive than amalgam fillings

Gold fillings are known for their strength and durability, often lasting 10 to 15 years or even longer. Advantages of gold fillings include their resistance to corrosion, ability to withstand strong chewing pressure.
However, there are also some disadvantages to consider. Gold fillings require up to two visits to place and can conduct heat and cold, potentially causing irritation. Additionally, gold fillings tend to be more expensive than amalgam fillings. Porcelain or ceramic fillings, Dental inlays, and onlays. They are recommended for back molars that are under strong chewing pressure and can last for more than 20 years due to their strength and wear resistance.

• Most durable filling type
• Non-toxic
• Requires two appointments to place
• More expensive than traditional fillings
• Can cause problems with opposing teeth

Tooth-colored glass ionomer material also called dental cement is used to glue crowns onto teeth. It is the most affordable filling material but also the weakest. It is mainly used as a temporary or foundation filling under composite white filling material. It is also useful for baby teeth and non-biting surfaces of teeth, such as decay around the gum lines.

• Easy to apply
• Low cost
• Fluoride in cement provides extra protection
• Not water-resistant
• Lacks strength
• Limited uses as a filling material